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Cox Characters
Conclusions to Confusions

Part 3: Chapter 29

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Anne Cox & John Hupp, Jr.

by David W. Cox

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Anne was born to Jeruthea and Michael Cox, Jr. in 1791. She married John Hupp, Jr. on January 19, 1813. John Hupp, Jr. was born on July 27, 1780 in Donegal Township of Washington, County, Pennsylvania. Anne and John had four children: Isaac (1814-1853), Louise (1815-1875), John (1819-1909), and Joseph (1817-1886).

Hupp family history is American history. The Hupps were pioneers on the western frontier of colonial America. They bore arms in the Revolution, and were Indian fighters. Like Michael Cox, Sr., they arrived in what is now southwestern Pennsylvania in 1769, and like him, they were loyal Virginians.

Five Hupp brothers brought their families out from the Shenandoah Valley to settle in what is now Greene County, Pennsylvania. They were Philip, John, Frank, Palser (also called Everheart), and a fifth whose name has been lost to historians.

In her 1959 study of the Hupps, Marie Kingrey noted: "From mouth to ear tradition, one brother married a Squaw, and as two of the brothers were killed by Indians, one can only surmise why one brother’s name was not preserved. Frank Hupp was shot by Indians at Jonathan Link’s cabin twelve miles east of Wheeling on Middle Wheeling Creek in the year 1771. John Hupp was killed while defending Miller’s blockhouse on Buffalo Creek, Easter Sunday, March 31, 1782."

Historians frequently cite John’s wife, Anne Rowe Hupp, as a heroine during the Indian attack on Miller’s blockhouse (Easter Sunday, 1782). She saved the lives of her four children as well as the families of Jacob Miller, Sr., and Edward Gaither. These men, however, lost their lives outside the fort, in an ambush by Shawnee Indians.

In 1861, her greatgrandson, John C. Hupp of Wheeling, Virginia contributed a long account of the episode for Alfred Creigh’s History of Washington County Pennsylvania (1871):

[…] from his concealment behind fallen timber, a savage fired upon Hupp, wounding him mortally; he, however, after he was shot, ran some sixty or seventy yards and sank to rise no more. Miller, being an elderly man, was boldly rushed upon by the merciless wretches, with loud and exultant yells, and tomahawked on the spot.

Flushed with success, the savages now left their hapless victims, scalped and pilfered of all clothing, to join in the beleaguerment of the block-house.

[…] Providence panoplied a female hero with a courage sufficiently unfaltering for the dire emergency, in the person of Ann Hupp. […] nerving her arm and steeling her heart to the severe duties of the moment, she, with true Spartanism, snatching up a rifle fired at the approaching savages, and then "ran from porthole to port-hole," protruding its muzzle in different directions—to convey the idea of great forces in the house—at each presentation causing the savages to cower behind trees or other objects for protection.

This happily conceived and promptly executed strategy of this pioneer heroine, without doubt, saved the inmates from what was otherwise inevitable—an immediate and horrible death. […] all hearts in that block-house were overflowing with thanks and gratitude to a kind and merciful Preserver for vouchsafing to them His aid and protection when their great and terror-filling peril was impending, and for saving them from the ruthless hands of the merciless savages.

Here are a few passages on Hupp genealogy written by Marie Kingrey in 1959:


The first Hupp family came from Holland, to the Atlantic coast, and settled in Washington County, Pennsylvania. When they came to America they changed the spelling of their name from Huppe to Hupp. Our Revolutionary ancestor, John Hupp Sr., was born in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, March 31, 1747. […] He settled in what is now Green County, Pennsylvania. In 1777, he received grants for two tracts of land, located on the West banks of Buffalo Creek, in [what was then] Washington County, Pennsylvania.

John Hupp [Sr. …] married to Anne Rowe Hupp. Anne Rowe Hupp is listed as a heroine of the Revolutionary war in Notable Women of Pennsylvania, which is found in the Historical Library in Washington County, Pennsylvania. A historical marker also stands in Pennsylvania honoring her for her bravery. […] John Hupp Sr., our ancestral grandfather, was killed by Shawnee Indians, as was his brother Frank.

Isaac Hupp, their oldest son, married Mary Ann Atkison. He was shot by an Indian and died in 1853, leaving his widow and four children. About ten years later, she moved her four children westwards through Kentucky, on a trail blazed by Daniel Boone.

Isaac and Mary Ann Hupp’s eldest child, John Cox Hupp, became a distinguished physician in Wheeling, West Virginia.

According to Gibson Lamb Cranmer:

In 1873 he [John Cox Hupp] inaugurated the policy in the Wheeling schools that when a female teacher does the work of a male instructor she shall have the same remuneration and rank as he would. He made a successful effort before the board of education to obtain free school education for colored children, and to establish free night schools.

Below, based on Marie Kingrey’s 1959 work, is the line of descent to Dr. John Cox Hupp and his two sons. We have no information on the new generation Hupps. It is interesting to note that Isaac's sister, Louisa Hupp married a John Clemens while Wiliam Cox (son of Michael Jr. and Jeruthea) married a certain Deliah Clemens.

John Hupp, Sr.
b. 1750
d. 31 March 1782
m. Anne Rowe (daughter of Adam Rowe whose wife (name?) was killed in Indian ambush in 1776)
b. 1757
d. 26 June 1823
This couple had four children:

  1. Mary
  2. Margaret
  3. Elizabeth
  4. John
(John Sr., Anne, and their daughter Margaret were buried at Miller’s Cemetery, Donegal Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, near the site of Miller’s blockhouse.)


John Hupp, Jr.
b. 27 July 1780
d. 12 March 1864
m. Ann Cox (daughter of Michael Cox, Jr. and Jeruthea Ann Brooks)
b. 7 June 1790 (or 91)
d. 26 Nov 1875
This couple had four children:
  1. Isaac Hupp
  2. Louisa Hupp
  3. John Hupp
  4. Joseph Hupp

Isaac Hupp
b. 5 Jan 1814
d. 28 Jan 1853; buried in the Cox Cemetery, West Liberty, West Virginia
m. Mary Ann Atkinson
This couple had five children:

  1. John C. Hupp
  2. Atkinson Hupp
  3. Isaac Hupp
  4. Emaline Hupp
  5. Mary Hupp

John Cox Hupp (M.D.)
b. 1 April 1842
d. 26 July 1930
m. Margaret Bennet
This couple had two children: Joseph and John

  1. Joseph Hupp
    b. 25 Aug 1863
    d. 9 May 1949
    m. Bell Curie
    This couple had four children: William, John, Claude, Pearl

  2. John C. Hupp
    b. 4 May 1893 (erroneous date?)
    d. [?]
    m. Mable Robinson
    This couple had three children: Glen, Raymond, Doris
John Hupp (son of Joseph Hupp and Bell Curie)
b. 12 Nov 1867 (erroneous date?)
d. 14 Sep 1941
m. Nan Smith
This couple had three children: Virginia, Clarinda, Mattie



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